College reform: technology will bear the brunt of the “new sixth”

Posted on Jan 12, 2023, 7:54 AM

Pap Ndiaye promised this during his college reform announcements: sixth grade students will have one hour per week of support or deepening in French or math. This time is mandatory for all, indicate the ministerial circulars published on Wednesday night. It will focus on skills that are considered important – getting comfortable with reading or mastering fractions and decimals, for example. About a third of sixth-grade students have weaknesses in French or math.

Students from the same establishment will find themselves in different “interclass” groups, more or less, according to their needs. The ministry does not want support time to be used to extend a course that has not yet been completed, or students to be stigmatized between those who need support and those who do not. For example, a student might focus on reading in the first term, work on fractions in the second term, and develop another skill in the third term.

“Withdrawal” of technology

This weekly time will be done at the regular time for students, ie 26 hours per week. Teaching technology will carry this “new sixth”. “Scientific and technological education will be reorganized”, explained a senior official of the Ministry of National Education, talking about “getting rid of quotation marks” of courses in the sixth and “strengthening technology ” from the fifth, which is the training of teachers in the key .

In the meantime, from next September, technology teachers will intervene “a little in technology in the sixth grade, but they will be able to prepare for reinforcement. [de cette matière] “From the fifth for September 2024, it is estimated in the ministry -” This will leave one year for the training of these teachers.

However, the ministry indicates that they have passed the Capes of engineering sciences and methods and as such, they are “qualified to intervene in the rest of the scientific teaching and also in the deepening and remediation sessions” stipulated under of the new sixth.

“The Economic Needs of the Nation”

In National Education, the evolution is also justified by the fact that “the identity of the technological subject is not always well understood, even if it should be a subject of vocation, of the birth of an appetite or taste, especially that for digital and IT” .

The idea is to ensure that more students choose the specialty “Digital and computer science” in high school, decide to start with a first “STI2D” (technological baccalaureate) or from the 3rd year, some is moving more towards vocational baccalaureates in information. systems. “These vocations can be born by crossing the technology professor”, a senior official slips.

“The fact that the path of technology is important in relation to the economic needs of the Nation, affirmed last week Jean-Charles Ringard, co-pilot of the monitoring committee for the reform of the high school, within the framework of the postbac fair that organized. by the agency. specialist AEF. We cannot launch a reindustrialization plan without considering this path, companies need middle managers, we must give the full truth to the technological path. »

“Hypertrophy” from the STMG series

However, the technological path in high school is now a victim of the “hypertrophy” of the STMG series (Sciences and technologies of management and management), which will receive 10,000 more students between 2018 and 2022. A series that too often considered as “a path of departure from the general path in the minds of second-year teachers”, according to Jean-Charles Ringard.

The co-pilot of the monitoring committee pleads for “rebalancing within the technological path”, towards the production series STI2D (industry and sustainable development), STL (laboratories) or even ST2S (social sciences) in relation to higher education and employment needs. This gives rise to a “cultural” problem that presumes to act on the orientation and representation of the technological path.

“The training map still needs to allow this development!” explained a senior official of the ministry. Also, what are we going to do with the STMG trainee teachers? Ask them to convert? »

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